Till today they have been regularly using their rights to vote for electing & changing their government. Around 70 crore of people enjoy the right to vote and around 65%of them exercise their rights in elections. The organization of government by the directly elected representative of the people has been the rule of the Indian Democracy. Despite the presence of the multi party system, the government – making exercise has been always orderly and efficient.
The change of one party-dominant multi party system into a real multiparty system and the transformation from a system of single majority-party rule to a coalition rule, has demonstrated the maturity and ability to the Indian Democracy to develop and change according to the demand of the environment. In fact the working of Democracy in India has been a success story, particularly when seen in comparison with several states like Pakistan, Bangladesh ,Indonesia and others in which military dictatorship has been dominating the political system by running acade or shame democracies. The Preamble of the constitution of India after expressing faith in the sovereignty of” we the people” describe the five features of Indian State – Sovereign , socialist, secular Democratic republic. The term Sovereign state, India is free to determine its internal and external policies and decision. As a socialist state India posits faith in social – economic and political justice equality and socio-economic development of all classes of people.
As a secular polity India stands for absence of a State religion,no special status for any religion, Freedom of the people to follow any religion, individually or collectively and equal status of all religions. As a democratic republic India has firm faith in popular sovereignty , fundamental rights and freedom of the people ,equal political rights and opportunities for all people and their Organization . The great thinkers spread ideas of democracy and freedom with a view to establishing a global welfare society.
But then applied to life by the politicians,the great idea gave rise to corruption obstructing to equalization attempts. Political Corruption is the misuse by the governmental powers for illegitimate, usually secret private gain makers societal institution totally corrupt. Corruption is a very serious social and societal evil and it cuts into mass welfare and equality of chances, particularly for have nots. Developed countries have fewer problems ,thanks to huge resources available.
In developing nations having fewer resources the practice oframpant corruption harmed the common people. Corruption generates economic distortion in the public sector by diverting public investments into capital projects where bribes and kickbacks are more plentiful. Officials may increase the technical complexity of public sector projects to conceal or pave way for such dealings, thus further distorting investment. “I would go to the length of giving the whole congress a decent burial, rather than put up with the corruption that is rampant. This was the outburst of Mahatma Gandhi against rampant corruption in congress ministries formed under 1935 Act in six states in year 1937. The disciples of Gandhi how ever ignored his concern over corruption in post independence India, when they came to power. Over fifty years of democratic rule has made the people so immune to corruption that they have learnt how to live with the system even though cancerous growth of this malady may finally kill it.
Politicians are fully aware of the corruption as the main reason behind the fall of Roman empire, the French revolution, October revolution in Russia, fall of China kai – shek government on the mainland of china and even the defeat of the mighty congress party in India. But they are not ready to take any lesson from the pages of History. There are so many challenges faced by the Democracy in India because of the corrupt politicians. There is caste based society and social inequality exists as inequality between the Upper caste and the so called Low caste Hindus.
Indian social system stands still divided into two broad division- High caste and Low caste. Some states of India like Bihar and UP still have caste wars.. The constitution of India has granted and guaranteed the fundamental rights to equality which clearly lays down that there should be no discrimination on the basis of caste, colour creed, and religion. But unfortunately all these still exists, and that is only because of Corupt Politicians . These corrupt politicians are making common people fool.
The main cause which is pulling Indian Democracy behind is illiteracy and poverty. The corrupt Politicians ,when speaking in front of public say that they want the common people to become literate. But they only want them to be illiterate,because they know, that they can play with the people’s sentiment only till people are illiterate. These corrupt politicians have divided the people on the gender basis for their personal gain. Indian society continues to be a male dominated society in which women continue to live with certain inequalities and exploitation.
The constitution of India grants equal fundamental rights to all the citizens both men and women and holds that there is no discrimination on the basis of gender. Women enjoy equal opportunity for development as enjoyed by the men. Article 39 of the constitution of India calls upon the state to provide adequate means of livelihood to men and women.. There is to be equal pay for equal work.. The law makes it a duty of every citizen of India to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
The state has passed several laws for ensuring a better protection and development of women, e. g Special Marriage Act 1954,Hindu code bill-1955,Indian Succession Act 1956,Hinduadoption and maintenance Bill 1956,DOWRY protection Act 1961,The criminal law amendment Act 1983.. However unfortunately women in India still continue to face several types of discrimination. Female foeticide represent the most ugly face of this type of discrimination . The falling ratio from 945 in 1941 to 933 in 2001 clearly reflects bias against women.
Female literacy rate is 53. 67(2001) against male literacy of 75. 26%. Women presence in lok Sabha has been 6. 33%on the average. In 2004 out of 543 lok sabha seats women got only 45 seats. In the Lok Sabha election 2004 only 355 women candidates against 5080 male candidates contested the elections. All these figures clearly refelects the under representation of women in all sphere of social and political life of India. The aim of economic planning in India has been to achieve a balance and all round socio economic development of all the areas and people.
Unfortunately because of the corrupt politicians neither the implementation of 5 year plan nor the enforcement of economic policies, plans and decisions have been really successful in this respect. Regionalism is other child of corrupt politicians. Regionalism has been traditionally present in India. The adoption of federal structure has been governed by this factor. The emergence and growth of demands for separate independent state out of India demands for full statehood for different areas, demands for regional autonomy, and advocacy of regional interests ver and above the national interests all reflects the presence of strong and even dirty and Parochial regionalism in India. Communalism continues a sad and hard reality of Indian Politics. Even after the adoption of the objectives of Justice, secularism and equality of all the people continues to afflict Indian Democracy. The main reason is Corrupt Politicians. The common people doesn’t have much to do with the communalism. Common people want only two time meal. These corrupt politicians abet the emotion of common man. These very politician are responsible for the communal riots.
Political violence , particularly electoral violence has been present in almost all the states. Elections have to be conducted under the shadow of tight security and a large deployment of para-military forces. Increasing role of muscle power and money power in India politics and elections has come to be an unfortunate, unhealthy and dangerous development. Many may not be relevant to the present century, but as human nature more or less remains same and states either in monarchy or democracy are governed by the same human being, he is still relevant.
License to govern does not mean license to be corrupt. Mahatma Gandhi believed in the need for creating a social climate against corruption which meant creation of an atmosphere in which the corrupt could not thrive.. For this our national leadership is expected to devise a political mechanism to create a social atmosphere by empowering of people. The on going the war cry against corrupt politician which is nothing but a mad fight to replace our corrupt system by another is not going to transform the beleaguered nation to a sustainable Social Order.